What is IoT, or the Internet of Things

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What is IoT

Surely you have already heard the phrase “Internet of things” and have seen an abbreviation of IoT, but you may not know what is hidden behind them. What is IoT, or the Internet of things?

IoT refers to connecting devices (except ordinary computers and smartphones) via the Internet. Cars, kitchen appliances and even heart monitors can be connected via IoT. And since the Internet of things will only grow over the next few years, more and more devices will appear on this list.

We’ve prepared an IoT guide for beginners to help you navigate the amazing connected world.

Concepts and basic definitions

Concepts and basic definitions
Below we publish a small dictionary with definitions that relate to the Internet of things.

IoT, or the Internet of things, is a network of objects connected via the Internet that can collect data and exchange data coming from built-in services.

Devices included in the Internet of things are any stand-alone devices connected to the Internet that can be monitored and / or controlled remotely.

The IoT ecosystem, or the Internet of things, is all the components that allow businesses, governments, and users to connect their IoT devices, including control panels, toolbars, networks, gateways, analytics, data storage, and security.

Physical layer – hardware that is used in IoT devices, including sensors and network equipment.

The network layer is responsible for transmitting data collected on the physical layer to various devices.

The application layer includes protocols and interfaces that devices use to identify and communicate with each other.

Control panels allow people to use IoT devices by connecting to them and controlling them through a toolbar, such as a mobile application. Control panels include smartphones, tablets, PCs, smart watches, televisions and non-traditional remote controls.

Toolbars provide IoT ecosystem information to users, allowing them to manage the IoT ecosystem. Usually used remote control.

Analytics – software systems that analyze data received from IoT devices. Analytics is used in a large number of scenarios, for example, to predict maintenance.

Data storage is where IoT devices store data.

Networks – a layer of Internet communications that allows operators to communicate with the device, and devices – to communicate with each other.

IoT Industry

The following areas will benefit from the use of IoT devices:
– production;
– transport;
– defense;
– Agriculture;
– infrastructure;
– retail sales;
– logistics;
– banks;
– oil, gas, mining;
– insurance business;
– smart homes;
– food production;
– service;
– hospitals;
– health protection;
– smart buildings;
– IoT companies.

Hundreds of companies are already involved in the Internet of things, and their list will only expand over the next few years.

 IoT Platforms

One IoT device connects to another to transmit information through Internet protocols. IoT platforms serve as a bridge between device sensors and the data network.

Here are some of the largest IoT platforms currently operating in this market:
– Amazon Web Services;
– Microsoft Azure;
– ThingWorx IoT Platform;
– IBM’s Watson;
– Cisco IoT Cloud Connect;
– Salesforce IoT Cloud;
– Oracle Integrated Cloud;
– GE Predix.

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